Angular vs. React – Which is Better for Web Development?
In this article, I’ll make a detailed Angular vs. React comparison. So businessmen, students, and developers can choose the best framework for web and app development projects.
Comparison Table – Angular vs. React
|Year of Release
|Misko Hevery under Google
|Jordan Walke under Facebook
|What is it?
|Complete Frontend Development Framework
|Frontend Development Library
|Steeper learning curve
|Data Binding Capabilities
|Depends upon requirements
|Support for Dependency Injection
|Real DOM is used
|Virtual DOM is used
|Overall Development Time
|Testing & Debugging
|Can be performed with a single tool
|Requires multiple tools for testing and debugging
|Fixed and Complex MVC
|Flexible Component-based View Only
Angular vs. React – In-depth Comparison
Angular vs. React – Analyzing Runtime Performance
Angular comes with a bidirectional data-binding process. So, each binding has dedicated watchers for analyzing modifications in the code. Moreover, that’s not all; the loop goes on until all the allocated watchers are confirmed. The result is delayed runtime performance.
In contrast, React comes with Virtual DOM & unidirectional data binding process. The virtual DOM makes the application lightweight, and the data bindings are free from dedicated watchers leading to high runtime performance for the delivered software development project.
Winner – React
Angular vs React – Which is Less Dependent on Tools?
Angular is a complete front-end solution and only requires a few external tools for software development projects. Most of the functionalities, including routing, binding, and project building, are part of this advanced framework. So, when you hire dedicated AngularJs developer, you can expect zero wastage of time otherwise incurred in integrating other libraries and frameworks for complete project development.
In contrast, React is more of a library used and treated like a framework in the programmer’s world. As such, React requires multiple other frameworks, including Redux, Router, etc., to achieve different functionalities in the project.
Winner – Angular
Angular vs React – Checking Popularity Among Developers
|Statista Report on most used web framework as of 2022
|Google Trends Worldwide Search Volume (8th to 14th Jan 2023)
The following infographic from Google Trends paints a clear picture –
There’s a huge demand for React and, consequently, React developers for web and app development projects worldwide.
Winner – React
Angular vs React – Which one has Higher Testing Capabilities?
However, React is just a little behind when comparing testing capabilities with Angular. For example, React has mocking functions that let the test function verify interactions with different code sections. The React library also comes with different test runners for providing developers with ease in testing. However, it cannot be denied that React as a library alone lacks testing capabilities as good as the Angular framework.
Winner – Angular
Angular vs React – Difference in the Programming Language
Winner – Angular
Angular vs React – When to Choose One Over the Other
Go for Angular Framework When:
- Developing an enterprise app, single page web applications, or a mid-level complex app
- The project is not highly complex
- The project requires an optimum balance of ready-made solutions and high productivity
- You require a few events in the app
- The level of customization is low to medium
Go for React Library When:
- The app requires tons of events
- High-end customization is required in the project
- The project must have code that can be shared with other websites, apps, or software
- The project is highly complex
That was all about the two technologies’ differences. Although I have covered everything, you should also look at a detailed description of these two technologies before making the final decision for your development project.
What is Angular?
Angular is a TypeScript-based frontend full-fledged framework developed by the tech giant Google. It is ideal for creating large-scale web apps with high scalability. The Angular framework comes with multiple features like routing, forms management, client-server communication, and more.
Features of the Angular Framework
- Based on TypeScript
- Cross-platform web development framework
- It comes with an MVC architecture
- Follows an efficient two-way data binding
- Overall, a low-code framework
- It has a reliable command-line interface
- Dependency injection
Pros of Using Angular for Web Development
- Angular is ideal for creating cross-platform apps with native capabilities. Angular with TypeScript leverages routing, dependency injection, etc., for a mobile-optimized native UI.
- The availability of many in-built features makes it easier for web developers to create top-notch websites and apps.
- Angular has several features, like template syntax, Angular CLI, routers, etc., that lead to high-speed page loading.
- World-class features like detailed documentation, command line interface, two-way data binding, differential loading, etc., facilitate faster web development.
- Angular comes with an MVC architecture that helps produce readable and testable code for the project.
- Developers can easily achieve high-seed performance for the website and app by leveraging lazy load modules and ivy renderer.
- The framework comes with a reliable and robust DI instrument that boosts the productivity of the development project.
Cons of Angular
- Angular as a framework requires a significantly higher time for developers to master. So, you cannot trust an Angular project with a novice developer.
- Angular is unsuitable for developing a small app as the framework itself is heavier. Moreover, a lack of optimization in coding practices leads to heavier websites and apps with poor speed performance.
Top Websites/Apps Developed using Angular
The idea that large-scale apps perform well with Angular can be easily certified by viewing the worldwide popular emailing app Gmail. With Angular as part of the technology stack, Gmail offers high-speed performance, offline capabilities, and an engaging interface.
The legendary magazine has used Angular to create rich web designs on large and small screens. Forbes is another good example of using Angular to build successful large-scale websites with intuitive user interfaces.
The American freelancing platform Upwork has also been designed and developed via Angular’s frontend framework. Upwork achieved seamless navigation and uncompromised speed performance using Angular for its frontend development.
Catering to 305 Million+ active users, Paypal has used Angular for its reliable performance. The Angular-based website delivers both incredible speed performance and ever-lasting scalability for the increasing number of users.
What is React?
Features of the React Library
- React’s virtual DOM
- Follows one-way data binding
- Offers rapid web performance
- It has a component-based architecture
- Provides server-side rendering
- Supports conditional statements
Pros of Using React for Web Development
- React is open-source, provides code-reusability, and faster development cycles reduce the project’s cost significantly.
- The library was developed by Jordan Walke under Facebook and is available under an MIT license, making it a reliable tool for web development projects.
- A React web developer can easily create highly scalable single-page applications using the component-based architecture.
- It has the added benefit of high code reusability as it has a component-based architecture that lets developers create reusable UI components.
- It comes with a simpler learning curve and can be mastered by new developers in less time.
- The availability of the virtual DOM provides the developer with faster development cycles as code modification can be viewed in less time.
- React creates SEO-friendly websites and apps that have good visibility over the search engine result pages (SERPs).
Cons of React
- The React library needs better documentation.
- Learning to use JSX becomes tricky for new developers working on a React project.
Top Websites/Apps Developed using React
Everyone’s favorite video streaming platform Netflix has used React significantly as part of its technology stack for the Gibbon platform. Netflix has even explained the significance of using React for achieving blazing startup speed, runtime performance, modularity, and other advantages.
The worldwide popular messaging app WhatsApp has used React on its web platform. Whatsapp on the Web decided to use React to achieve optimized speed performance and has witnessed greater success in catering to its ever-increasing popularity.
We all use Pinterest now and then. However, do you know that the image-sharing platform Pinboard, which lets users store images, gifs, and videos, has been largely developed using the React library?
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